The organization is part of an economic system. It responds to the marketplace, competition, fluctuating resources, etc. The survival of the organization depends upon its ability to adapt to the demands of this external system.
We can design an overview of the means that could be used to improve the performance of an organizational. A matrix is used to show the overview:
The Three Level Framework
Organizations are divided into three levels, Organizational , Process, and Job or Performer. At each level,you need to define goals and measures, indicate what was to be done (Design), and determine what level of management is responsible for making sure the change happens.
At the organization level, goals are strategic in that they identify the organization's:
- Product and services
The design of an organization allows the goals to be met. The main tool used is a relationship map that looks at the flows among major groups, rather than specific activities. That is, it creates a broad picture of the organization. The map is constructed by identifying the various units, functions, departments, or individuals expected to participate in or impact the process.
The relationship map is used to help understand how the work is currently getting done so that "disconnects" can be discovered and fixed. Disconnects are missing, confusing, unneeded, or misdirected inputs or outputs.
Once the goals and design or structure has been identified, then the organization needs to be managed in four dimensions:
- manage function sub-goals so that organization goals get accomplished.
For more information, see the Leadership Guide.